Another piece in the obesity and metabolic disease puzzle may be related to inflammation. Recent research has linked low grade systemic inflammation in our bodies to diabetes, heart disease and weight issues. Inflammation seems to influence glucose and fat metabolism - and not in a good way! The culprits seem to be high glycaemic index carbohydrates, saturated and trans fats and perhaps processed foods. To combat this, foods such as vegetables, fruits, fish, nuts, unsaturated oils and herbs and spices seem to be anti-inflammatory - as well as tea and small amounts of alcohol such as wine. Beware though, as overdoing the tipple may increase inflammation. Regular physical activity is also protective - although high intensity/long duration exercise actually increases the inflammatory response. Losing weight is also a positive step. In a nut shell, the correct energy balance with moderate regular exercise and a leaning towards the Mediterranean style diet is still the way to go.